Tag Archives: vm

Reclaim Space in a VM on Thin or Thick VMDKs

Fedora/CentOs/RedHat
[root@rac1 ~]$ yum install zerofree
updates/metalink | 12 kB 00:00
updates | 4.5 kB 00:00
updates/primary_db | 4.3 MB 00:21
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
Running transaction check
Package zerofree.i686 0:1.0.1-8.fc15 will be installed
Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
================================================================================
Installing:
zerofree i686 1.0.1-8.fc15 fedora 20 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install 1 Package

Total download size: 20 k
Installed size: 20 k
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
zerofree-1.0.1-8.fc15.i686.rpm | 20 kB 00:00
Running Transaction Check
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Installing : zerofree-1.0.1-8.fc15.i686 1/1

Installed:
zerofree.i686 0:1.0.1-8.fc15

Complete!
For Debian/Ubuntu:
[root@rac1 ~]$ apt-get install zerofree
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
zerofree
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 17 not upgraded.
Need to get 7,272 B of archives.
After this operation, 61.4 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://ubuntu.cs.utah.edu/ubuntu/ oneiric/universe zerofree amd64 1.0.1-2ubuntu1 [7,272 B]
Fetched 7,272 B in 0s (41.5 kB/s)
Selecting previously deselected package zerofree.
(Reading database ... 22748 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking zerofree (from .../zerofree_1.0.1-2ubuntu1_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up zerofree (1.0.1-2ubuntu1) ...

Then you need to mount the partition as read-only and run zerofree on it. If you need perform this on your OS/root partition, then power off your VM and attach the OS disk to another Linux VM. Here is how it looks like:

[root@rac1 ~]$ mount -o remount,ro /dev/mapper/test-lvol0
[root@rac1 ~]$ zerofree -v /dev/mapper/test-lvol0
1106/485301/512000

Microsoft Azure Set a Static Internal IP Address for a VM

Before you specify a static IP address from your address pool, you may want to verify that the IP address has not been already assigned. In the example below, we’re checking to see whether the IP address 10.1.61.140 is available in the TestVNet virtual network.

Test-AzureStaticVNetIP –VNetName TestVNet –IPAddress 10.1.61.140 

Be sure to change the variables for the cmdlets to reflect what you require for your environment before running them.

New-AzureVMConfig -Name $vmname -ImageName $img –InstanceSize Small | Set-AzureSubnet –SubnetNames $sub | Set-AzureStaticVNetIP -IPAddress 10.1.61.140 | New-AzureVM –ServiceName $vmsvc1 –VNetName TestVNet

If you want to set a static IP address for a VM that you previously created, you can do so by using the following cmdlets. If you already set an IP address for the VM and you want to change it to a different IP address, you’ll need to remove the existing static IP address before running these cmdlets. See the instructions below to remove a static IP.

For this procedure, you’ll use the Update-AzureVM cmdlet. The Update-AzureVM cmdlet restarts the VM as part of the update process. The DIP that you specify will be assigned after the VM restarts. In this example, we set the IP address for VM2, which is located in cloud service StaticDemo.

Get-AzureVM -ServiceName StaticDemo -Name VM2 | Set-AzureStaticVNetIP -IPAddress 10.1.61.140 | Update-AzureVM

When you remove a static IP address from a VM, the VM will automatically receive a new DIP after the VM restarts as part of the update process. In the example below, we remove the static IP from VM2, which is located in cloud service StaticDemo.

Get-AzureVM -ServiceName StaticDemo -Name VM2 | Remove-AzureStaticVNetIP | Update-AzureVM